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Spill Prevention Control & Countermeasures (SPCC)​ Plan

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Spill Prevention Control & Countermeasures (SPCC)​ Plan

Any facility in California storing oil or petroleum products above 1,320 gallons must establish a written Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCC) Plan per EPA 40 CFR 112 regulations. SPCC plans outline containment, drainage systems, tank integrity testing, inspections, transfer procedures, recordkeeping, training, security, and spill response to prevent oil discharges into navigable waters.

Developing a compliant customized SPCC plan can be challenging. CDMS offers turnkey SPCC planning and consulting services. Our engineers conduct in-depth facility assessments to address all required SPCC plan elements for your specific operation. We handle plan development, review requirements, and ensure proper certification by a licensed Professional Engineer.

Let CDMS handle your SPCC planning so you can effectively prevent oil spills, avoid fines for non-compliance, and protect local water resources as required by law.

Regulatory bodies
  • EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) Region 9.
  • CalEPA (California Environmental Protection Agency).
  • Regional Water Quality Control Boards (RWQCB).
  • California Office of Emergency Services (Cal OES).
  • California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW).
  • Local Certified Unified Program Agencies (CUPA).
Who needs it

Facilities that store, process, refine, use or consume oil is non- transportation-related and potentially subject to the SPCC rule. Oil of any type and in any form is covered, including, but not limited to: petroleum; fuel oil; sludge; oil refuse; oil mixed with wastes other than dredged spoil; fats, oils or greases of animal, fish, or marine mammal origin; vegetable oils, including oil from seeds, nuts, fruits, or kernels; and other oils and greases, including synthetic oils and mineral oils. SPCC’s are required for facilities that have over 1320 gallons of oil/petroleum-based products on site.

Containers 55 gallons or larger are considered in calculating the threshold; however, once over the threshold all volumes must be addressed.

This includes:

  • Oil storage tank operators and maintenance workers
  • Piping and pipeline operators
  • Plant managers, engineers, and supervisors
  • Environmental, health and safety coordinators
  • Personnel involved in oil transfers, loading/unloading
  • Security personnel and gate attendants
  • Oil spill response teams
  • Drivers who transport oil and contractors that handle oil storage/handling
  • Personnel who develop, review, or implement the SPCC plan for a facility
  • Executives and senior managers with oversight of facility operations related to preventing oil spills
Regulation reference
  • 40 CFR Part 112.
  • Aboveground Petroleum Storage Act (APSA).
  • Health and Safety Code Chapter 6.67.
  • Local Water Board Requirements.
  • Title 14, CCR, Division 1, Subdivision 4, Chapter 3.
  • Title 23, CCR, Chapter 16.
  • Local Fire Codes.
  • Conditional Use Permits.
What our service provides:

CDMS will develop a Spill Prevention Control and Countermeasure Plan (SPCC) to comply with the state and federal requirements. The plan will address the following elements:

  1. Appropriate containment to prevent the discharge of oil from reaching a navigable water source.
  2. Facility Drainage.
  3. Bulk storage tanks requirements for constructed so that a secondary means of containment is provided.
  4. Integrity testing plan for aboveground storage tanks.
  5. Facility transfer operations procedures.
  6. Inspection plan for aboveground valves and pipelines.
  7. Communication plan to be used for fueling activities.
  8. Personnel training requirements.

The Plan will be certified by a Professional Engineer (PE) registered with the State of California, as required by the regulation.

Employee Training

Employees who may respond to spill issues related to the regulated tanks should be trained in the contents of the Plan.

CDMS can conduct the required employee training for the SPCC Plan. Training will be conducted at the client’s facility. Training documentation will be provided.

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What is a Spill Prevention Control & Countermeasures (SPCC) plan?
A Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasures (SPCC) plan is designed to prevent oil spills from reaching navigable waters or adjoining shorelines and to provide a framework for responding to oil spills if they do occur. The primary goal of an SPCC plan is to protect the environment, particularly bodies of water and sensitive ecosystems, from the harmful effects of oil spills.

Who needs a Spill Prevention Control & Countermeasures (SPCC) plan in California?
Facilities storing over 1,320 gallons of oil aboveground or 42,000 gallons underground need a Spill Prevention Control & Countermeasures (SPCC) plan. Only containers 55 gallons or more count towards the thresholds.

What does a Spill Prevention Control & Countermeasures (SPCC) plan include?
A Spill Prevention Control & Countermeasures (SPCC) plan outlines procedures, methods, and equipment to prevent oil discharges. It covers containment, drainage, tanks, piping, transfers, inspections, communications, training, and more.

How often must a Spill Prevention Control & Countermeasures (SPCC) plan be updated?
SPCC plans must be reviewed every 5 years and updated if necessary. Revisions must be certified by a Professional Engineer (PE).

Who can certify a Spill Prevention Control & Countermeasures (SPCC) plan?
A Professional Engineer (PE) licensed in the state where the facility is located must certify the SPCC plan.

Where must the Spill Prevention Control & Countermeasures (SPCC) plan be kept?
A complete copy of the Spill Prevention Control & Countermeasures (SPCC) plan must be kept on-site at the facility.

What are the secondary containment requirements?
Tanks must have secondary containment, like a dike or catchment basin, to contain a spill equal to the largest tank’s capacity.

When must personnel training be conducted?
Personnel training must be done within 6 months of hiring and then every 3 years after. Training must cover the Spill Prevention Control & Countermeasures (SPCC) plan contents.

What records must be kept for Spill Prevention Control & Countermeasures (SPCC) plans?
Facilities must keep 5 years of spill incident reports, annual inspections, employee training, and plan amendments.

How soon must spills be reported?
Any spill over 1,000 gallons must be reported to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) within 60 days. Spills under 1,000 gallons are recorded in the facility inspection log.

What are the security requirements?
The Spill Prevention Control & Countermeasures (SPCC) plan must outline how tanks and containers are secured against unauthorized access and vandalism.

How are buried metallic storage tanks inspected?
Buried tanks must have corrosion protection and leak testing every 5 years. Underground piping is visually inspected each year.

When does a Spill Prevention Control & Countermeasures (SPCC) plan amendment need to be certified?
If there are technical amendments to methods of spill control or prevention, a Professional Engineer (PE) must certify the changes.

What if a facility does not comply with its Spill Prevention Control & Countermeasures (SPCC) plan?
Facilities violating Spill Prevention Control & Countermeasures (SPCC) regulations may face Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) enforcement action including expensive fines.

Do aboveground oil tanks need to be registered?
In California, aboveground tanks over 1,320 gallons must be registered with the state and labeled per aboveground petroleum storage act.

Can a Spill Prevention Control & Countermeasures (SPCC) plan template be used?
Spill Prevention Control & Countermeasures (SPCC) plans must be tailored to the specific facility. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) prohibits the use of generic or template plans.

How are piping leaks and spills prevented?
The Spill Prevention Control & Countermeasures (SPCC) plan addresses pipe supports, corrosion protection, leak monitoring, and routine visual inspections.

Are Spill Prevention Control & Countermeasures (SPCC) plans required for hydraulic oil?
Yes, hydraulic oil and fluids are considered oil and subject to SPCC planning.

Can SPCC plans be combined for multiple facilities?
For facilities under the same owner, a combined Spill Prevention Control & Countermeasures (SPCC) plan can be used if all elements are facility-specific.