When is a radiation protection program required?
For any company using radioactive materials or radiation-producing devices.
What are major elements of a program?
Training, exposure monitoring, signage/postings, waste handling, emergency response.
Who must review and approve the program?
A qualified Radiation Safety Officer (RSO) must oversee the program.
How often must the program be updated?
It must be kept current and amended as procedures or hazards change.
Does the program need to list isotopes and devices?
Yes, an inventory with characteristics and hazards must be maintained.
What are records retention requirements?
Most documentation must be kept for life of the facility plus 30 years.
What training records need to be kept?
Topics, trainer, attendee names, and dates.
Does the program need to address protective equipment?
Yes, proper Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for tasks must be specified.
What transportation requirements should be covered?
Department of Transportation (DOT) hazmat shipping rules for radioactive material transport.
Does the program need to discuss waste disposal?
Yes, handling and disposal procedures must be defined.
What qualifications must the Radiation Safety Officer (RSO) have?
Extensive training and experience with radiation hazards.
What exposure records must be kept?
Personal monitoring results and cumulative dose histories.
How is internal versus external exposure monitored?
External by badges/dosimeters. Internal by bioassay sampling.
What audit program is required?
Annual program audits by the Radiation Safety Officer (RSO) at minimum.
Must the program cover security of radioactive sources?
Yes, control methods and records must be detailed.
What design considerations should be addressed?
Ventilation, shielding, lab layout, containment, etc.
What oversight agencies enforce radiation program rules?
Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), state radiologic health departments.
What if changes to the radiation program are needed?
The Radiation Safety Officer (RSO) must review and approve updates.
Does the program specify who can use radiation sources?
Yes, authorized users must be identified by name and qualifications.